Kidney Dialysis machines
Kidney Dialysis machines

The kidneys remove waste and extra water from the blood to form urine. Urine flows from the kidney to the bladder through the ureters.

The waste in your blood comes from the normal breakdown of active muscle and from the food you eat. Kidney failure, also known as renal failure or renal insufficiency, is a medical condition of impaired kidney function in which the kidneys fail to adequately filter metabolic wastes from the blood.

Kidney failure occurs when your kidneys lose the ability to filter waste from your blood sufficiently. Many factors can interfere with your kidney health and function, such as:- toxic exposure to environmental pollutants, certain acute and chronic diseases, severe dehydration and kidney trauma.

According to, when your kidneys are damaged, waste products and fluid can build up in your body, causing swelling in your anklesvomitingweakness, poor sleep, and shortness of breath.

If you don’t treat them, diseased kidneys may eventually stop working completely. Loss of kidney function is a serious and potentially fatal condition. Check out chronic fatigue supplement and learn more.

Your body becomes overloaded with toxins if your kidneys can’t do their job. To date, kidney disease affects 10 per cent of the general population in the Western world.

In Botswana, research has noted that the common causes of kidney disease includes high blood pressure, diabetes, HIV/AIDS medications, urinary tract infections and as a result of illegal drug use or drug abuse.

Kidney disease can also be a result of some genetic diseases (diseases you are born with) or some autoimmune diseases (malfunction of the body’s immune system).

At the helm of the fight against kidney disease, the Ministry of Health has lamented its commitment to combating kidney disease through education, exchanging of ideas by doctors and patient screening as a way of enhancing comprehensive health service delivery.

The Ministry of Health also sees kidney disease in Botswana as a ticking time bomb, as the cases grow monthly.

Even with nephrology centres of excellence at Princess Marina and Nyangabwe hospitals which are complemented by the nephrology centres at Gaborone Private Hospital and Bokamoso Private Hospital, people still die from this disease.

The sad reality is that Kidney failure is a problem that we can’t run from. According to the World Health Organization, currently, there are 145 patients receiving peritoneal dialysis and 301 receiving haemodialysis but this is extremely expensive and unsustainable in our setting.

Doctors encourage that we go for regular check-ups and screenings. If detected early, kidney disease can be treated. This would reduce other complications and dramatically decrease the growing burden of deaths and disability from chronic renal failure.

Medical aids such as Bomaid offer chronic benefits that cover renal failure and help ease the financial burden of treatments available for kidney disease such as dialysis.

It is also vital to appreciate that chronic kidney disease is preventable and controllable.

Maintaining good health by keeping fit through regular exercise, maintained normal weight, eating healthy food and drinking adequate amounts of water daily.

Like with every disease, there are indicators and early signs of the disease that patients are to look out for.

These include: changes in urination, fatigue, skin rash, vomiting, shortness of breath, metallic taste in the mouth and leg pains.

Know your body and look out for the warning signs.

For those members on Bomaid who have end stage renal failure and are eligible for kidney transplant, Bomaid has recently formed unprecedented relationships with the best hospitals in India further expanding its network of service providers.

Eligible members are able to receive this treatment at no additional cost. For more information please contact your nearest Bomaid office.

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